The Website about the First Great War.



World War I Brief Information :

  • Begin: 28.07.1914 Austria-Hungary / Serbia

  • 01.08.1914 Germany / Russia

  • Armistice Agreement 11.11.1918

  • End: De Versailles Agreements 28.06.1919




What caused World War 1

Comprehensive information about "What caused World War 1": The causes of World War 1 can be differentiated into varying sections. To asume that the attack in Sarajevo against Franz Ferdinand is the decisive point that World War 1 came to be is overstating the political significance of a regional attack in what was a backwater of Europe at the time.


What caused World War 1



Therefore, it's a good idea to divide the war causes into the following sections:

  • Foreign policy

  • Domestic policy

  • Political economy

  • Socio-political policies

The following possible causes in each area are listed below:

What caused World War 1? - Foreign policy -

Before World War 1 began, there were already lots of tensions between the great powers, triggered by blinkered thinking, a desire for alliance and all the promises that an expansionist colonial policy brought with it. Secondly, there was something of a power-vacuum in the Balkan region of Europe.



What caused World War One



Imperialist policies on the part of Germany and Austria-Hungary provided further tensions. Germany's colonial activities, particularly in Africa were a source of distrust for both Great Britain and France. In the 19th century, the three powers had been in stiff competition with each other to establish colonies worldwide. In Asia, the USA, Russia and Japan were locked in similar battles.

The inevitable consequence of this was an arms race, with all the powers trying to make bigger and better weapons.


Another possible cause is Germany's foreign policy. Germany percieved itself as being encircled by enemies, and felt threatened as a result. As a result, the German government rejected talks of agreement on spheres of influence and limitations on developing new arms (see World War 1 Summary)

This policy of retaining a 'free hand' thus is a trigger for World War 1. Germany did not desire to be limited, but rather indulge in an aggressive foreign policy which would increase the nation's standing on a global stage.

What caused World War 1? - Domestic policy -

Within Germany, the public was supportive of this nationalist policy. There was a strong public feeling for imperialism and the need to have the weaponry and army to go with it in order to enforce this policy a clear cause for World War 1.

Internal issues in Russia and Austria-Hungary (mainly bought about due to long-overdue and much-needed political reform) is also regarded as a cause. All the states involved in World War 1 had a distinct nationalist atmosphere prior to World War 1.

What caused World War 1? - Political economy -

From an economic perspective, the pursuite of creating and maintaining profitable markets abroad can be seen as a cause of World War 1. The industrial-capitalist economy required a regular flow of cheap goods in order to run and profit.

The dynamic arms race also favoured a healthy mercantile industry, with armed exports and goods proving to be good for the coffers of the USA and Australia.

What caused World War 1? - Socio-political policies -

In Germany, there was a strong belief that any war would be quick and over before it even really started (see When was World War 1). This can be seen as a cause as the belief that the war would be 'easy' made it attractive. Additionally, there was a cult of cultural pessimissm in Germany, which left many young Germans hungry for a fight.

What caused WW1

Social Darwinism was also a cause of World War 1, with its subtle undertones of 'survival of the fittest'.

Finally, it must be noted that the listed causes of World War 1 are in no way complete, but merely provide a glimpse into the atmosphere of the time. From a scientific point of view, many of these reasons are controversial and require a more in-depth anaylsis.

What cannot be disputed, however, is that across the world, people have decided that these are some of the reasons, and possibly even the most important factors. You can read more here: The Causes of WW1




World War 1 Facts




World War 1:


World War 1

WW1 Timeline

Causes of WW1





When was World War 1

What started World War 1

When did World War 1 End





What caused World War 1

World War 1 Summary

Effects of World War 1