1-WORLD-WAR.COM

 
 The Website about the First Great War.

 

 


World War I Brief Information :

  • Begin: 28.07.1914 Austria-Hungary / Serbia

  • 01.08.1914 Germany / Russia

  • Armistice Agreement 11.11.1918

  • End: De Versailles Agreements 28.06.1919


 

 

 

WW1 Timeline

Comprehensive WW1 Timeline: On this page you can find a detailed WW1 Timeline of the history of the World War I, divided into five sections. This timeline starts from the beginning of WW1 in 1904 and continues until November 11th 1918 when the German politician Matthias Erzberger signed the armistice agreement in the forest of Compeigne.

 

 

WW1 Timeline

 

 

Below describes the divisions of WW1 Timeline into five sections:

  • 1914 - WW1 begins with the belief that it will be a quick war with swift victory on both sides

  • 1915 - Trench warfare

  • 1916 - Verdun in the west, Russia to the east

  • 1917 - Turnips and Coca-Cola

  • 1918 - Armistice and the end of WW1

It should be noted that emphasis was placed on delivering a factual account of WW1 (see also World War 1 Summary).

WW1 Timeline - Belief of a swift victory -

1914 – WW1 begins with the belief that it will be a quick war with swift victory on both sides

28th June 1914 – Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie von Hohenberg are assassinated in the Serbian city of Sarajevo, worsening the political situation in Europe.

 

 

WW1 Timeline 2

 

 

This is a pivotal moment in the history of WW1. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28th 1914, plunging Europe into a four-year-long conflict which would come to be known as World War 1 (see: When was World War 1?).

Russia, with its close ties to Serbia, immediately declared a general mobilization. In turn, the German Reich felt threatened on its eastern borders, declaring war on Russia on August 1st 1914. A important date in the WW1 Timeline. Germany and Austria became allies for the duration of the war.

In order to avoid a war with two fronts (east and west), Germany declared war on France on August 3rd 1914, and proceeded to enter Belgium and Luxembourg en route to France (known as the Schlieffen Plan). This led to the Britain declaring war against Germany.

 

With this declaration – a landmark in WW1 Timeline – Germany found herself at war with Serbia, France, England and Russia. A few personal words from the author - “This is crazy! All of Europe was now on fire!”

September 5th-12th 1914 saw the Battle of the Marne, where the German army was halted and met with fierce resistance, forcing the German army into a partial withdrawal.

September 12th – October 24th 1914: the focus of WW1 shifted towards the coast of the English channel, since England had mobilized her troops. The “race to the sea” began with the goal of taking major ports so as to hinder British ability to bring troops to mainland Europe.

At this point, the structure of WW1 changed, with the initial movement now bogged down in trench warfare. The German advance was pointed towards the channel coast in order to cut off the supply of British troops who were arriving in important supply ports (September 12th – October 24th).

WW1 Timeline - Trench warfare -

By 1915 the initial rapid pace of WW1 had ground to a halt. Troops dug in on April 22nd 1915, and the German army first used poisonous gas at this time in Ypres and Flanders.

Another important in the history of WW1 was the sinking of the British passenger ship Lusitania on May 7th 1915, an act which increased tensions between the United States and Germany.

On May 23rd 1915, Italy entered WW1. This was also a history-defining moment, as Austria-Hungary now found herself fighting a war on three fronts.

On October 14th 1915, Bulgaria joined the Axis powers.

WW1 Timeline - 1916 Verdun in the west, Russia to the east -

On February 21st 1916, the Battle of Verdun began. German Chief of Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn used an enormous amount of weaponry against France in a war effort that was unprecedented at the time. In the course of the battle, the French Fort Douaumont fell to the Germans in February.

The middle of 1916, Russia launched a major offensive on Germany's eastern front. The German Reich was so involved in fighting on both fronts that it was in a precarious position. By October 24th 1915, it was clear to German generals that Verdun was lost, and France began its counteroffensive (a important fact in the WW1 Timeline).

Interestingly, by the end of 1916, peace negotiations were taking place – a fact not normally noted in history books. The petition of the Axis powers was rejected by the Allies. Germany suffered a “Turnip Winter” (Steckrübenwinter), during which food was scarce, and millions starved.

WW1 Timeline - (1917) Turnips and Coca-Cola -

By this point in the war, Germany was in crisis domestically. In the cities of Hamburg, Aachen and Cologne, protesting was widespread. The homefront had broken away, and with that, the broad support of the German population went too. The previous belief in a quick war with an easy victory had been destroyed.

1917 saw enormous changes in Russia, too. In St. Petersburg in March 1917, a soldier's mutiny saw Tsar Nicholas II losing the support of his troops, and the rise of the Bolsheviks.

 

World War I Timeline

On April 6th 1917, the United States declared war on Germany (important fact in the WW1 Timeline). This event was very important during WW1, since it meant that the Allies now had a virtually unlimited supply of weapons and troops from across the Atlantic .

WW1 Timeline - 1918 Armistice and the end of WW1 -

At the end of this topic “WW1 Timeline” is a keyword-like summary of the main events of 1918:

  • January 8th 1918: US President Wilson's Fourteen Points plan

  • July 16th 1918: German troops arrive again at the Marne.

  • July 18th 1918: Counteroffensive

  • August 8th 1918 – the “Black Day of the German Army” (Schwarze Tag des deutschen Heeres).

  • November 11th 1918 – November Armistice agreement

 

The WW1 Timeline reveals just how scarily fast a local conflict can explode into a world war (see: The Effects of World War 1) .

 

 

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When was World War 1

What started World War 1

When did World War 1 End

 

 

Information:

 

What caused World War 1

World War 1 Summary

Effects of World War 1